Glossary

Terminology has been developed to describe specific body responses to different oxygenation and stress levels while using the LiveO2 and LiveO2 Adaptive Contrast® systems. For your convenience and easy of understanding, these terms are presented here.

Adaptive Contrast - The method of using oxygen-reduced breathing mixture alternating with oxygen-enriched to stimulate respiratory and circulatory oxygenation effects.

Anti-inflammatory Threshold - von Ardenne documented that when blood plasma saturation reaches 4x normal, or about 12 ml/L there is enough oxygen in blood plasma to reverse endothelial inflammation. Normal blood plasma has about 3 ml/L.

Break Sweat - When the user begins to perspire. In conventional exercise, this occurs when the body generates enough waste heat to require extra cooling by evaporation of perspiration.

Capacity Ceiling - The highest intensity workout a user will repeat with a trainer; disregards comfort. A trainer/coach is very helpful for most individuals to reach their capacity ceiling.

Capacity Training - The method of training to personal capacity, relative to total maximum output. A trainer/coach is very helpful for this type of training.

Capillary Inflammation - Inflammation in capillaries that creates "brownouts." It can occur in the endothelium, but predominantly occurs in the venous end of capillaries. (von Ardenne).

Comfort Training Level - The practice of training within comfort, usually at 50-65% of capacity.

Chronological Age Pulse - Calculated maximum pulse based on age, 220 minus age,

Comfort Ceiling - The highest intensity workout a user will voluntarily repeat without a trainer.

Dilating Agents - mechanical and chemical or method to increases blood flow to part of the body.

  • Niacin - skin, head, brain
  • Capsacin - lungs, stomach
  • Heat - where applied
  • Hypoxia
    • Mild = whole body
    • Moderate - Fight/Flight Organ Systems
    • Intense - Brain, liver and kidneys

Exertion Challenge - Perceived increase in difficulty when the body responds to a tissue dump.

Exertion Level

  • 15 Second Output - Maximum output power that can be maintained for 15 seconds of continuous exertion
  • 300 Second Output - Maximum output power that can be maintained for 5 mintues of continuous exertion

Gall Bladder Dump - Sensation in the gall bladder that indicates overwhelmed Cori cycle and that lactic acid has been dumped into the digestive system. Usually occurs 20 minutes before bowel clearance. It is usually noticed as a gurgling sensation in the gall bladder under the right breast.

Hypoxic Maximum Pulse ~ Actual Maximum Pulse - Maximum pulse after 20 minute hypoxic warm up and a 60 second sprint.

Hypoxic Pulse Ramp - As a user spends more time under hypoxic challenge, the pulse will ramp upward.

Hypoxic Recovery - Recovery with reduced-oxygen air.

Hypoxic Sprint - A sprint on reduced-oxygen air.

Hypoxic Split - A sprint where oxgyen is restored half way through the hypoxic session.

Hypoxic Aerobic Pulse - Maximum sustainable pulse on hypoxic air.

Hyperoxic Sprint - A sprint with oxygen throughout the sprint.

Hyperoxic Maximum Pulse - The maximum achievable pulse rate while exerting with oxygen.

Immune Rally - Occurs 48 hours after LiveO2 training resulting in a fever of up to 102 degrees and lasting for 6-24 hours. The effect is modeled as an up-regulation in white blood cell activity enabled by higher oxygen levels in body fluids, including lymph.

Inverted Intervals - Sprint on oxygen recover at hypoxic.

Neurological Performance Gain - Net increase in neurological score after training.

Performance Ramp - Session-to-session increase in metabolic efficiency, usually noticed as an increase in strength and endurance over multiple sessions.

Pulse Throttle - Internal control that limits how fast the body will allow the heart to beat to limit vascular strain.

Venous Capillary Pulse Force - The amount of pressure present at the venous end of the capillary. This is different from the Pulse Pressure because it reflects all loss of pressure that occurs during the heart and the swollen, choked end of the capillary. The Venous Capillary Pulse Force must be enough to deliver oxygenated plasma to the swollen endothelial cells to reverse inflammation.

Recovery Rate - Number of seconds on oxygen required to recover from an hypoxic sprint.

Resaturation Dip - Decrease in pulse oxymeter reading after switching to oxygen after hypoxic. Suggest increase in hemoglobin release after restoration of oxygen.

Tissue Dump - Waste released into circulation when inflammation releases after oxygen reaches anti-inflammatory threshold.

Tissue Elasticity - Increase in avascular tissue elasticity after training with oxygen, usually perceived as improvement in eye focus. Elasticity reduces strain injury vulnerability.

Throttle Reduction - Amount the maximum pulse increases during initial training.

Training Level - Initial capacity of training.

Vascular Efficiency Gain - Net reduction in heart rate required to maintain power output after several sessions.

Vascular Entrainment - Indicates optimal performance in vascular system Vascular Spiral Flow.