Safety Considerations


Oxy­gen use is com­plete­ly safe with LiveO2 and Oxy­gen Mul­ti­step Protocols.

A more detailed dis­cus­sion of each top­ic follows.

There are three sit­u­a­tions where oxy­gen is not safe to breathe:

Oth­er­wise oxy­gen is very good for you. We’ve pro­vid­ed a more com­plete expla­na­tion, includ­ing copies of the orig­i­nal research, in this publication.

Both Oxy­gen Mul­ti­step Ther­a­py and LiveO2 are far below these lev­els, and are even safer than com­mon­ly used hyper­bar­ic cham­bers. We’ll explain more on this later.

For evi­dence, just search here.  This is an inter­net search show­ing no cas­es of neg­a­tive or adverse effects from these oxy­gen ther­a­pies in over 30 years of con­tin­u­ous use.

More Information

The LiveO2 and LiveO2 Adap­tive Con­trast® equip­ment is not capa­ble of deliv­er­ing enough oxy­gen for long enough to dam­age lungs or cause oxy­gen toxicity.

There are two doc­u­ment­ed sit­u­a­tions where low pres­sure oxy­gen can cause harm:

At nor­mal pres­sure, the med­ical­ly accept­ed thresh­old for oxida­tive stress to the lungs requires oxy­gen in excess of 95% exceed­ing 4 hours in the most sen­si­tive indi­vid­u­als, with symp­toms typ­i­cal­ly appear­ing after 14 hours. See: Bench to Bed­side Review: Oxy­gen as a Drug

LiveO2 is capa­ble of high lev­els 50 liters per minute for about fif­teen min­utes. This use is far below both thresh­olds for oxida­tive stress:

  • The con­cen­tra­tion of oxy­gen is at about 80%
  • The dura­tion is oxy­gen use is for fif­teen min­utes max­i­mum until con­sump­tion exhausts the reser­voir, and use must stop.

All sys­tems, includ­ing LiveO2, can only deliv­er oxy­gen well with­in known safe lev­els, of both time and duration.

In 1947, the British mil­i­tary dis­cov­ered that oxy­gen could be tox­ic (Oxy­gen Tox­i­c­i­ty) as a result of under­wa­ter research. The same research dis­cov­ered that nitro­gen (78% of air) caused Nitro­gen Nar­co­sis.

In sim­ple terms, oxy­gen tox­i­c­i­ty only occurs under very, very, ele­vat­ed oxy­gen par­tial pressures.

This research deter­mined that super-con­cen­trat­ed oxy­gen, 18x nor­mal (impos­si­ble with­out mil­i­tary-grade equip­ment or deep div­ing), pro­duces oxy­gen poisoning.

  • Ardenne’s pro­to­cols use oxy­gen at far less than these lev­els, and have nev­er been report­ed to cause harm or pro­duce oxy­gen tox­i­c­i­ty symp­toms, in any person. 
  • Ath­let­ic pro­to­cols have over a 75% safe­ty mar­gin, and non-ath­let­ic pro­to­cols have a 95% safe­ty mar­gin. A detailed analy­sis follows. 

Accord­ing to the research doc­u­men­ta­tion, oxy­gen tox­i­c­i­ty effects can­not occur with Oxy­gen Mult­step Ther­a­py or LiveO2 sys­tems because they can­not pro­duce high enough lev­els of oxy­gen for a long enough peri­od of time to pro­duce these effects.

The Summary

If you want to skip the details, the results below come to 17.9 atmos­pheres, or breath­ing air under water at a depth of 538 feet. This is very extreme.

For com­par­i­son, Ardenne’s preg­nan­cy sup­port pro­to­col uses about 4 atmos­pheres of oxy­gen for 15 min­utes dur­ing labor pre­ceed­ing child­birth. This is about 125 feet of water breath­ing reg­u­lar air, for a short peri­od of time.

His quick pro­to­cols use about 60% oxy­gen for 15 min­utes. The LiveO2 sys­tem sup­ports Ardenne’s high­est lev­el pro­to­cols for ath­let­ic train­ing and labor.

The high­est oxy­gen lev­els that any Oxy­gen Mul­ti­Step Ther­a­py sys­tem is capa­ble of, is less than 25% of the oxy­gen par­tial pres­sures known or ever report­ed to pro­duce oxy­gen tox­i­c­i­ty effects in any per­son. There are no reports, over the past 30 years, that any of Ardenne’s pro­to­cols have ever caused any indi­ca­tion of oxy­gen tox­i­c­i­ty in any person.

Calculations

Oxy­gen at sea lev­el is one atmos­phere. The exper­i­ments doc­u­ment­ed in these pub­li­ca­tions showed oxy­gen tox­i­c­i­ty at 17.9 atmos­pheres pro­duced esca­lat­ing symp­toms, as indi­cat­ed below

  • The pres­sure at 90 feet = (1 atm + * (.445 lb/ft * 90 ft) / 14.5)) = 3.76 atm 
  • This was pure oxy­gen. Nor­mal air is 21% oxy­gen, so 100% / 21% pure oxy­gen is 4.76 atmos­pheres of oxy­gen par­tial pressure 
  • 3.76 atm * 4.76 atm = 17.9 atmos­pheres of oxygen 

So this data shows results for extreme­ly high oxy­gen con­cen­tra­tions. Note that even at these extreme­ly ele­vat­ed lev­els, the ear­ly pre­sen­ta­tions, less than 15 min­utes, have minor symptoms:

  • Lip Twitch­ing
  • Tin­gling of Skin
  • Ver­ti­go
  • Hic­cup
  • Nau­sea
Oxy­gen Poi­son­ing at 90 ft (27 m) in the Dry in 36 Sub­jects in Order of Per­for­mance – K W Don­ald1
Expo­sure (mins.) Num. of Subjects Symp­toms
96 1 Pro­longed daz­zle; severe spas­mod­ic vomiting
60–69 3 Severe lip-twitch­ing; Eupho­ria; Nau­sea and ver­ti­go; arm twitch
50–55 4 Severe lip-twitch­ing; Daz­zle; Blub­ber­ing of lips; fell asleep; Dazed
31–35 4 Nau­sea, ver­ti­go, lip-twitch­ing; Convulsed
21–30 6 Con­vulsed; Drowsi­ness; Severe lip-twitch­ing; epi­gas­tric aura; twitch L arm; amnesia
16–20 8 Con­vulsed; Ver­ti­go and severe lip twitch­ing; epi­gas­tric aura; spas­mod­ic respiration;
11–15 4 Inspi­ra­to­ry pre­dom­i­nance; lip-twitch­ing and syn­cope; Nau­sea and confusion
6–10 6 Dazed and lip-twitch­ing; paraes­the­si­ae; ver­ti­go; “Diaphrag­mat­ic spasm”; Severe nausea

It is well known that oxy­gen should nev­er be used, alone, by any per­son with Chron­ic Obstruc­tive Pul­monary Dis­ease.  See also Effect of Oxy­gen on obstruc­tive pul­monary dis­ease.

No per­son with COPD should ever:

  • Use a Hyper­bar­ic Chamber 
  • Breathe a high con­cen­tra­tion with­out exer­cise (which main­tains CO2 bal­ance by exertion) 

High lev­els of oxy­gen are dan­ger­ous to these peo­ple because their body for­gets to breathe, and because their CO2 res­pi­ra­to­ry reflex­es don’t work any more.  This means that extra oxy­gen can lead to increased CO2 reten­tion, which in turn leads to res­pi­ra­to­ry failure.

LiveO2 Therapy is good for COPD—BUT ONLY WITH EXERTION!

The com­bi­na­tion of oxy­gen with exer­tion is high­ly ther­a­peu­tic for indi­vid­u­als with COPD. Ardenne devel­oped sev­er­al high­ly suc­cess­ful pro­to­cols that use sup­ple­men­tal oxy­gen, com­bined and exer­cise or phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal­ly ele­vat­ed heart and res­pi­ra­to­ry rates, to restore res­pi­ra­to­ry func­tion in these same individuals.

These pro­to­cols are list­ed here:

NO HIGH CONCENTRATION OXYGEN SYSTEM SHOULD BE USED with­out exer­cise because exer­cise pro­duces Car­bon Diox­ide to bal­ance the metabolism.

Indi­vid­u­als with extreme­ly com­pro­mised res­pi­ra­to­ry sys­tems should also NEVER use a hyper­bar­ic cham­ber, as the high­er oxy­gen pres­sure can dis­able their res­pi­ra­to­ry reflex.

These same indi­vid­u­als CAN use LiveO2 or Oxy­gen Mul­ti­step Ther­a­py because these ther­a­pies include activ­i­ty that pre­serves and enhances CO2/Oxygen bal­ance, to sup­port and restore res­pi­ra­to­ry reflex.

These ther­a­pies are high­ly rec­om­mend­ed for COPD—just not at rest.